Cross-platform libraries and tools for NVMe devices

xNVMe provides the means to program and interact with NVMe devices from user space.

The foundation of xNVMe is libxnvme, a user space library for working with NVMe devices. It provides a C API for memory management, that is, for allocating physical / DMA transferable memory when needed. An NVMe command interface allowing you to submit and complete NVMe commands in a synchronous as well as an asynchronous manner.

Convenience functions are built-in for common operations and retrieving parameters essential for I/O applications. Such as your maximum data transfer size and introducing the concept of a device geometry.

The foundation is as such fairly low-level, sitting right on top of a NVMe driver. The actual NVMe driver being used by libxnvme is re-targetable and can be any one of the GNU/Linux Kernel NVMe driver via libaio, IOCTLs, and io_uring, the SPDK NVMe driver, or your own custom NVMe driver.

As such, libxnvme provides a unifying C API for NVMe tool builders, application developers, and for anyone wanting their host-defined software to run on more than a single platform.

On top of libxnvme a suite of tools and libraries are provided, that is, a command-line interface for managing your NVMe device named xnvme, and lblk for commands specific to NVM Namespaces.

For the Zoned Command Set a command-line interface designed specifically for convenient management of Zoned NVMe devices named zoned and a C API libxnvme_znd.h.

To evaluate the performance of abstractions introduced by xNVMe a Fio IO engine is provided, supporting conventional NVMe devices, as well as Zoned devices.

Jump right into the Getting Started and with the basics in place you can explore the Tools and the C API.


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